1. Comprehensive Capacity Building Programme (CCBP)
The implementation of Phase I of Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM) had led to creation of a large number of assets and induced 23 urban reforms across the country. Evaluation exercises undertaken by various appointed committees and agencies had unanimously pointed to the large capacity gap plaguing urban local bodies (ULBs) as the primary impediment to speedy implementation of projects and reforms under the Mission. The report on the Mid-term Appraisal of the Eleventh Five Year Plan (2010) stated that more emphasis should be given on proactive assistance to cities and states to build their “soft infrastructure” and identified governance, financing, planning, professionalization of service delivery and accelerating the development of local capacity and knowledge as key building blocks to strengthen the urban sector reforms and improve capacities for management and local governance. The High Powered Expert Committee had also recommended a strong programme of capacity development and training which should include creation of institutional and human resource capacity at all levels, particularly in the smaller ULBs. A committee under the chairmanship of Member in charge of Housing and Urban Development, Planning Commission also recommended the necessity to build adequate capacity in ULBs.
Following the recommendations of expert committees, the Government of India (GoI) had launched Comprehensive Capacity Building Programme (CCBP) under JNNURM in 2013 with a focus on capacity building for improving urban governance. The approach of the programme, as described in the CCBP Toolkit, was to lay primary emphasis on the capacity building of the ULBs to perform their responsibilities effectively and efficiently with supporting interventions from State and Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), GoI. The CCBP required both the Centre and States to facilitate the creation of an enabling environment at the ULB level, to improve governance and service delivery functions, and more importantly, to implement the JnNURM programme activities efficiently. Building of networks with different actors and institutions at the national and international levels was a major area of focus to address resource and knowledge management gaps on both supply and demand sides. The various components of CCBP are as follows:
Municipal Capacity Building at various levels under the CCBP
Source: CCBP Toolkit (2013)
The Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), GoI designated National Institute of Urban Management (NIUM) as the Nodal Agency for Comprehensive Capacity Building Programme (CCBP) for the States of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. NIUM has successfully implemented the CCBP project in the two States. Beginning in 2014, the implementation of CCBP included (i) the establishment of State Reforms and Performance Management Cell (SRPMC) comprising of six experts (SRPMC), located at the office of the Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration (C&DMA) in each of the two States to support policy-making and programme formulation, (ii) fifteen (15) City Reforms and Performance Management Cells (City RPMCs) comprising of six experts, each located at the offices of selected Municipal Corporations/Municipalities to support programme implementation and capacity building, and (iii) research, training and IEC programmes. NIUM with the support of State Governments, ULBs, and RPMCs, has completed the following tasks:
(a) 47 Research Studies
(b) 54 Training Programmes
(c) 24 Training Modules and
(d) 50 IEC Materials.
The CCBP was subsequently replaced with individual capacity building components under each of the newly announced centrally sponsored urban development schemes of the MoUD and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA) namely; (1) Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), (2) Smart Cities Mission, (3) Prime Minister’s Awas Yojana (PMAY) or Housing for All, (4) Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), and (5) Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY), in 2015.
NIUM currently provides capacity building support under the new Missions of GoI on a need basis.
2. Telangana Municipal Development Project (TMDP)
The Telangana Municipal Development Project (TMDP) is being implemented by the Government of Telangana State (GoTS) with support from the World Bank covering the period 2015-18. The broad objectives of TMDP are to improve the financial, technical, and managerial capacities of all ULBs through technical assistance and capacity building, apart from infrastructure financing and e-governance support. The project intends to support the ULBs in achieving increased autonomy and accountability, provide incentives for performance, improve the State’s capacity to monitor the ULBs, and also provide policy and technical support for improving ULB’s performance and overall development. The TMDP project components are: Component A: State Policy and Institutional Development, Component B: Capacity Enhancement, Component C: Urban Infrastructure Investment Project, and Component D: Project Management Technical Assistance. NIUM’s involvement under TMDP is limited to the Component A and B.
NIUM-TMDP Municipal Capacity Building Programme
In the past, GoI as well as State Governments have adopted various approaches to tackle the capacity building challenges for planned urban development. Report of the Working Group on Capacity Building constituted for formulation of 12th Five Year Plan, has identified capacity gaps in certain key area that include: Urban Management and Administration, Financial Management including Land and its Monetisation, Accounting & Revenue Mobilisation, Service Level Benchmarking (SLB), Development and Implementation of Public Private Partnerships (PPP) Projects, Information Technology, Performance Management, Urban Planning, Architecture, Transport Planning & Heritage Conservation, Socio‐Economic Development, Public Health Engineering, Operation and Maintenance, Project Implementation & Monitoring, Contract Management, etc., in implementing various reforms as well as infrastructure development programmes. The experience with earlier missions/programmes clearly indicates the need for sustained capacity building interventions for improving urban governance and for effective implementation of the newly launched missions of the GoI, which are reform‐oriented and competitive in nature from the funding point of view.
To tackle urban development challenges, the Central Government is implementing schemes/missions like the Smart Cities Mission, PMAY, AMRUT, SBM, and HRIDAY. These programmes include capacity building components under, now integrated under the Capacity Building for Urban Development (CBUD) programme. However, it is clear that not all ULBs in the State of Telangana are adequately equipped to undertake reforms needed to tap the financial and other resources that would be made available through the national missions of GoI. Therefore, there was a felt-need for a strong CCBP at the state level, especially to cater to the needs of smaller ULBs. The World Bank funded NIUM-TMDP Capacity Building Programme 2015-18 was developed to address this need.
Beginning in 2015, NIUM with support from its knowledge partners Centre for Good Governance (CGG); and School of Economics (SoE), University of Hyderabad (UoH); had prepared and submitted a Municipal Capacity Building proposal for 2015-18 in Telangana State. The proposal (Phase I) received its approval in December 2015, and since then NIUM has been involved in the execution of the programme, comprising of research studies, training modules and training programmes.
Consequently, NIUM together with its knowledge partners CGG and UoH have completed (i) 23 Research Studies, (ii) 13 Training Modules and (iii) 3 Training Programmes.
3. On going support to GHMC and HMDA
Research Studies in Progress
- 1. Study of Master Planning in Practice – Identifying the gaps and review of town planning rules, regulations and schemes
- 2. Implication of Floor Space Index (FSI) Deregulation in Hyderabad in comparison to other cities
- 3. A Comparative Evaluation of Development Permission Management System (DPMS) in select States and Corporations
- 4. Improving Municipal Tax Revenues – Lessons from Practice in GHMC
- 5. Augmentation of Non Tax Revenue for GHMC – Trade Licensing Fee, Advertisement Fee, Town Planning Fees
- 6. Municipal Property Tax Reforms in Telangana: Shifting to a Capital Value System
- 7. Solid Waste Management Practices in GHMC – Devising Standard Operating Procedures
- 8. Impact of Hyderabad Metro Rail on Traffic and Mobility in GHMC
- 9. Non-Residential Property Tax Planning for Revenue Improvement in GHMC
- 10. Outdoor Advertisement Policy: A Comparison of Indian Metropolises
- 11. A Note on Framework for Parking Policy in GHMC